Fairfield Lodge No 254
The Regius Manuscript is the oldest version of English Masonic regulations yet to be discovered. This premier of the Old Charges, or pre-1717 documents of the regulations of the Craft, is also notable for being the only one written in verse. The poem was written before the advent of the printing press, sometime between 1390 and 1450 A.D. While the 1390 date is most often cited, that is about the earliest possible date for it, and recent scholarship puts it as more likely after 1425. It was written in a Middle English script, not Latin or Saxon or Old English, as sometimes mis-represented, though the headings were in Latin. It is barely recognizable today because it is in a Gothic or Germanic lettering style, and the alphabet and spellings have changed, but if sounded phoneticaly, most of the words are still understandable in our language of today. While the scribe may have been a literate mason, he was more likely a priest or monk commissioned by a local Operative Masonic lodge. Whoever he was, it has long been assumed that he was paraphrasing, and extending, an even older Masonic document no longer extant.

Structurally, the poem consists of 794 lines of rhymed couplets, plus 34 lines of unnumbered headings, making 828 lines in all on 64 pages, with the inner pages 11-14 lines each. You can click on the chart below for a larger and clearer version. There are no spacings around headings, but they are set apart by being in red ink rather than black, by being in Latin instead of Middle English, and by not participating in the rhyming.

Regius MS First Page Image
1-58Foundation of Masonry by Euclid in Egypt ["Euclid's second art of geometry"](1+58 lines)
59-86Introduction of Masonry into England under King Athelstan (0+28 lines)
87-260The Lawful Duties [or duties for Masters] fifteen articles (15+174 lines)
261-470The Moral Duties [or duties for Apprentices] fifteen points (15+210 lines)
471-496Conclusion of Athelstan's story ["Another ordinance of the art of geometry"] (1+26 lines)
497-534The story of the Four Crowned Ones ["Ars quatour coronatorum"] (1+38 lines)
535-550The Tower of Babylon (0+16 lines)
551-576Euclid Teaches The Seven Liberal Arts (0+26 lines)
577-692An admonishment about Mass and how to behave in Church [Instructions for a Parish Priest and Merita Missa] (0+116 lines)
693-794An instruction on Good Manners [Urbanitatis] (0+102 lines)
Line No Hic incipiunt constituciones artis gemetriae secundum Eucyldem. Here begin the constitutions of the art of Geometry according to Euclid.
1Whose wol bothe wel rede and loke, Whoever will both well read and look
2He may fynde wryte yn olde boke He may find written in old book
3Of grete lordys and eke ladyysse, Of great lords and also ladies,
4That hade mony chyldryn y-fere, y-wisse; That had many children together, certainly;
5And hade no rentys to fynde hem wyth, And had no income to keep them with,
6Nowther yn towne, ny felde, ny fryth: Neither in town nor field nor enclosed wood;
7A cownsel togeder they cowthe hem take; A council together they could them take,
8To ordeyne for these chyldryn sake, To ordain for these children's sake,
9How they my[g]th best lede here lyfe How they might best lead their life
10Withoute gret desese, care and stryfe; Without great disease, care and strife;
11And most for the multytude that was comynge And most for the multitude that was coming
12Of here chyldryn after here [g]yndynge. Of their children after their ending,
13(They) sende thenne after grete clerkys, They send them after great clerks,
14To techyn hem thenne gode werkys; To teach them then good works;
15And pray we hem, for our Lordys sake, And pray we them, for our Lord's sake.
16To oure chyldryn sum werke to make, To our children some work to make,
17That they my[g]th gete here lyvynge therby, That they might get their living thereby,
18Bothe wel and onestlyche, ful sycurly.Both well and honestly full securely.
19Yn that tyme, thro[g]gh good gemetry,In that time, through good geometry,
20Thys onest craft of good masonryThis honest craft of good masonry
21Wes ordeynt and made yn thys manere,Was ordained and made in this manner,
22Y-cownterfetyd of thys clerkys y-fere;Counterfeited of these clerks together;
23At these lordys prayers they cownterfetyd gemetry,At these lord's prayers they counter-feited geometry,
24And [g]af hyt the name of masonry,And gave it the name of masonry,
25For the moste oneste craft of alle.For the most honest craft of all.
26These lordys chyldryn therto dede falle,These lords' children thereto did fall,
27To lurne of hym the craft of gemetry,To learn of him the craft of geometry,
28The wheche he made ful curysly;The which he made full curiously;
29Thro[g]gh fadrys prayers and modrys also,Through fathers' prayers and mothers' also,
30Thys onest craft he putte hem to.This honest craft he put them to.
31He that lerned best, and were of onesté,He learned best, and was of honesty,
32And passud hys felows yn curysté;And passed his fellows in curiosity,
33[G]ef yn that craft he dede hym passe,If in that craft he did him pass,
34He schulde have more worschepe then the lasse.He should have more worship than the less,
35Thys grete clerkys name was clept Euclyde,This great clerk's name was Euclid,
36Hys name hyt spradde ful wondur wyde.His name it spread full wonder wide.
37Get thys grete clerke more ordeynt heYet this great clerk ordained he
38To hym that was herre yn thys degré,To him that was higher in this degree,
39That he schulde teche the synplyst of (wytte)That he should teach the simplest of wit
40Yn that onest craft to be parfytte;In that honest craft to be perfect;
41And so uchon schulle techyn othur,And so each one shall teach the other,
42And love togeder as syster and brothur.And love together as sister and brother.
43Forthermore [g]et that ordeynt he,Futhermore yet that ordained he,
44Mayster y-called so schulde he be;Master called so should he be;
45So that he were most y-worschepede,So that he were most worshipped,
46Thenne sculde he be so y-clepede:Then should he be so called;
47But mason schulde never won other calle,But masons should never one another call,
48Withynne the craft amongus hem alle,Within the craft amongst them all,
49Ny soget, ny servand, my dere brother,Neither subject nor servant, my dear brother,
50Tha[g]ht he be not so perfyt as ys another;Though he be not so perfect as is another;
51Uchon sculle calle other felows by cuthe,Each shall call other fellows by friendship,
52For cause they come of ladyes burthe.Because they come of ladies' birth.
53On thys maner, thro[g] good wytte of gemetry,On this manner, through good wit of geometry,
54Bygan furst the craft of masonry:Began first the craft of masonry;
55The clerk Euclyde on thys wyse hyt fonde,The clerk Euclid on this wise it found,
56Thys craft of gemetry yn Egypte londe.This craft of geometry in Egypt land.
57Yn Egypte he taw[g]hte hyt ful wyde,In Egypt he taught it full wide,
58Yn dyvers londe on every syde; In divers lands on every side;
59Mony erys afterwarde, y understonde,Many years afterwards, I understand,
60[G]er that the craft com ynto thys londe,Ere that the craft came into this land.
61Thys craft com ynto Englond, as y [g]ow say,This craft came into England, as I you say,
62Yn tyme of good kynge Adelstonus day;In time of good King Athelstane's day;
63He made tho bothe halle and eke bowre,He made then both hall and even bower,
64And hye templus of gret honowre,And high temples of great honour,
65To sportyn hym yn bothe day and ny[g]th,To disport him in both day and night,
66An to worschepe hys God with alle hys my[g]th.And to worship his God with all his might.
67Thys goode lorde loved thys craft ful wel,This good lord loved this craft full well,
68And purposud to strenthyn hyt every del,And purposed to strengthen it every part,
69For dyvers defawtys that yn the craft he fonde;For divers faults that in the craft he found;
70He sende about ynto the londe He sent about into the land
71After alle the masonus of the crafte,After all the masons of the craft,
72To come to hym ful evene stra[g]fte,To come to him full even straight,
73For to amende these defautys alleFor to amend these defaults all
74By good consel, [g]ef hyt myt[g]th falle.By good counsel, if it might fall.
75A semblé thenne he cowthe let makeAn assembly then could let make
76Of dyvers lordis, yn here state,Of divers lords in their state,
77Dukys, erlys, and barnes also, Dukes, earls, and barons also,
78Kyn[g]thys, sqwyers, and mony mo,Knights, squires and many more,
79And the grete burges of that syté,And the great burgesses of that city,
80They were ther alle yn here degré;They were there all in their degree;
81These were ther uchon algate, There were there each one always,
82To ordeyne for these masonus astate.To ordain for these masons' estate,
83Ther they sow[g]ton by here wytte,There they sought by their wit,
84How they my[g]thyn governe hytte:How they might govern it;
85Fyftene artyculus they ther sow[g]tonFifteen articles they there sought,
86And fyftene poyntys they wro[g]ton.And fifteen points there they wrought,
Hic incipit articulus primus. Here begins the first article.
87The furste artycul of thys gemetry:--The first article of this geometry;-
88The mayster mason moste be ful securlyThe master mason must be full securely
89Bothe stedefast, trusty, and trwe,Both steadfast, trusty and true,
90Hyt schal hum never thenne arewe:It shall him never then rue;
91And pay thy felows after the coste,And pay thy fellows after the cost,
92As vytaylys goth thenne, wel thou woste;As victuals goeth then, well thou knowest;
93And pay them trwly, apon thy fay,And pay them truly, upon thy faith,
94What that they deserven may; What they may deserve;
95And to her hure take no more, And to their hire take no more,
96But what they mowe serve fore; But what that they may serve for;
97And spare, nowther for love ny drede,And spare neither for love nor dread,
98Of nowther partys to take no mede;Of neither parties to take no bribe;
99Of lord ny felow, whether he be,Of lord nor fellow, whoever he be,
100Of hem thou take no maner of fe;Of them thou take no manner of fee;
101And as a jugge stonde upry[g]th,And as a judge stand upright,
102And thenne thou dost to bothe good ry[g]th;And then thou dost to both good right;
103And trwly do thys whersever thou gost,And truly do this wheresoever thou goest,
104Thy worschep, thy profyt, hyt shcal be most.Thy worship, thy profit, it shall be most.
Articulus secundus. Second article.
105The secunde artycul of good masonry,The second article of good masonry,
106As [g]e mowe hyt here hyr specyaly,As you must it here hear specially,
107That every mayster, that ys a mason,That every master, that is a mason,
108Most ben at the generale congregacyon,Must be at the general congregation,
109So that he hyt resonably y-toldeSo that he it reasonably be told
110Where that the semblé schal be holde;Where that the assembly shall be held;
111And to that semblé he most nede gon,And to that assembly he must needs go,
112But he have a resenabul skwsacyon,Unless he have a reasonable excuse,
113Or but he be unbuxom to that craft,Or unless he be disobedient to that craft
114Or with falssehed ys over-raft,Or with falsehood is overtaken,
115Or ellus sekenes hath hym so stronge,Or else sickness hath him so strong,
116That he may not com hem amonge;That he may not come them among;
117That ys a skwsacyon, good and abulle,That is an excuse good and able,
118To that semblé withoute fabulle.To that assembly without fable.
Articulus tercius. Third article.
119The thrydde artycul for sothe hyt ysse,The third article forsooth it is,
120That the mayster take to no prentysse,That the master takes to no 'prentice,
121but he have good seuerans to dwelleUnless he have good assurance to dwell
122Seven [g[wer with hym, as y [g]ow telle,Seven years with him, as I you tell,
123Hys craft to lurne, that ys profytable;His craft to learn, that is profitable;
124Withynne lasse he may not be ableWithin less he may no be able
125To lordys profyt, ny to his owne,To lords' profit, nor to his own
126As [g]e mowe knowe by good resowne.As you may know by good reason.
Articulus quartus. Fourth article.
127The fowrhe artycul thys moste beThe fourth article this must be,
128That the mayster hym wel be-se,That the master him well besee,
129That he no bondemon prentys make,That he no bondman 'prentice make,
130Ny for no covetyse do hym take;Nor for no covetousness do him take;
131For the lord that he ys bonde to,For the lord that he is bound to,
132May fache the prentes whersever he go.May fetch the 'prentice wheresoever he go.
133Gef yn the logge he were y-take,If in the lodge he were taken,
134Muche desese hyt mygth ther make,Much disease it might there make,
135And suche case hyt mygth befalle,And such case it might befall,
136That hyt mygth greve summe or alle.That it might grieve some or all.
137For alle the masonus tht ben thereFor all the masons that be there
138Wol stonde togedur hol y-fere Will stand together all together.
139Gef suche won yn that craft schulde swelle,If such one in that craft should dwell,
140Of dyvers desesys ge mygth telle:Of divers disease you might tell;
141For more gese thenne, and of honeste,For more ease then, and of honesty,
142Take a prentes of herre degre. Take a 'prentice of higher degree.
143By olde tyme wryten y fynde By old time written I find
144That the prenes schulde be of gentyl kynde;That the 'prentice should be of gentle kind;
145And so symtyme grete lordys blodAnd so sometime, great lords' blood
146Toke thys gemetry, that ys ful good.Took this geometry that is full good.
Articulus quintus. Fifth article.
147The fyfthe artycul ys swythe good,The fifth article is very good,
148So that the prentes be of lawful blod;So that the 'prentice be of lawful blood;
149The mayster schal not, for no vantage,The master shall not, for no advantage,
150Make no prentes that ys outrage;Make no 'prentice that is deformed;
151Hyt ys to mene, as [g]e mowe here,It is mean, as you may hear
152That he have hys lymes hole alle y-fere;That he have all his limbs whole all together;
153To the craft hyt were gret schame,To the craft it were great shame,
154To make an halt mon and a lame,To make a halt man and a lame,
155For an unperfyt mon of suche blodFor an imperfect man of such blood
156Schulde do the craft but lytul good.Should do the craft but little good.
157Thus [g]e mowe knowe everychon,Thus you may know every one,
158The craft wolde have a my[g]hty mon;The craft would have a mighty man;
159A maymed mon he hath no my[g]ht,A maimed man he hath no might,
160[G]e mowe hyt knowe long [g]er ny[g]ht.You must it know long ere night.
Articulus sextus. Sixth article.
161The syxte artycul [g]e mowe not mysse,The sixth article you must not miss
162That the mayster do the lord no pregedysse,That the master do the lord no prejudice,
163To take of the lord, for hyse prentyse,To take the lord for his 'prentice,
164Also muche as hys felows don, yn alle vyse.As much as his fellows do, in all wise.
165For yn that craft they ben ful perfyt,For in that craft they be full perfect,
166So ys not he, [g]e mowe sen hyt.So is not he, you must see it.
167Also hyt were a[g]eynus good reson,Also it were against good reason,
168To take hys, hure as hys felows don.To take his hire as his fellows do.
169Thys same artycul, yn thys casse,This same article in this case,
170Juggythe the prentes to take lasseJudgeth his prentice to take less
171Thenne hys felows, that ben ful perfyt.Than his fellows, that be full perfect.
172Yn dyvers maters, conne qwyte hyt,In divers matters, know requite it,
173The mayster may his prentes so enforme,The master may his 'prentice so inform,
174That hys hure may crese ful [g]urne,That his hire may increase full soon,
175And, ger hys terme come to an ende,And ere his term come to an end,
176Hys hure may ful wel amende. His hire may full well amend.
Articulus septimus. Seventh article.
177The seventhe artycul that ys now here,The seventh article that is now here,
178Ful wel wol telle gow, alle y-fere,Full well will tell you all together,
179That no mayster, for favour ny drede,That no master for favour nor dread,
180Schal no thef nowther clothe ny fede.Shall no thief neither clothe nor feed.
181Theves he schal herberon never won,Thieves he shall harbour never one,
182Ny hym that hath y-quellude a mon,Nor him that hath killed a man,
183Wy thylike that hath a febul name,Nor the same that hath a feeble name,
184Lest hyt wolde turne the craft to schame.Lest it would turn the craft to shame.
Articulus octavus. Eighth article.
185The eghte artycul schewt [g]ow so,The eighth article sheweth you so,
186That the mayster may hyt wel do,That the master may it well do.
187[G]ef that he have any mon of crafte,If that he have any man of craft,
188And be not also perfyt as he au[g]te,And he be not so perfect as he ought,
189He may hym change sone anon, He may him change soon anon,
190And take for hym a perfytur mon.And take for him a more perfect man.
191Suche a mon, thro[g]e rechelaschepe, Such a man through recklessness,
192My[g]th do the craft schert worschepe.Might do the craft scant worship.
Articulus nonus. Ninth article.
193The nynthe artycul schewet ful welle,The ninth article sheweth full well,
194That the mayster be both wyse and felle;That the master be both wise and strong;
195That no werke he undurtake, That he no work undertake,
196But he conne bothe hyt ende and make;Unless he can both it end and make;
197And that hyt be to the lordes profyt also,And that it be to the lords' profit also,
198And to hys craft, whersever he go;And to his craft, wheresoever he go;
199And that the grond be wel y-take,And that the ground be well taken,
200That hyt nowther fle ny grake. That it neither flaw nor crack.
Articulus decimus. Tenth article.
201The then the artycul ys for to knowe,The tenth article is for to know,
202Amonge the craft, to hye and lowe,Among the craft, to high and low,
203There schal no mayster supplante other,There shall no master supplant another,
204But be togeder as systur and brother,But be together as sister and brother,
205Yn thys curyus craft, alle and som,In this curious craft, all and some,
206That longuth to a maystur mason.That belongeth to a master mason.
207Ny he schal not supplante non other mon,Nor shall he supplant no other man,
208That hath y-take a werke hym uppon,That hath taken a work him upon,
209Yn peyne therof that ys so stronge,In pain thereof that is so strong,
210That peyseth no lasse thenne ten ponge,That weigheth no less than ten pounds,
211But [g]ef that he be gulty y-fonde,but if that he be guilty found,
212That toke furst the werke on honde;That took first the work on hand;
213For no mon yn masonry For no man in masonry
214Schal no supplante othur securly,Shall not supplant other securely,
215But [g]ef that hyt be so y-wro[g]th,But if that it be so wrought,
216That hyt turne the werke to nogth;That in turn the work to nought;
217Thenne may a mason that werk crave,Then may a mason that work crave,
218To the lordes profyt hyt for to save;To the lords' profit for it to save
219Yn suche a case but hyt do falle,In such a case if it do fall,
220Ther schal no mason medul withalle.There shall no mason meddle withal.
221Forsothe he that begynnyth the gronde,Forsooth he that beginneth the ground,
222And he be a mason goode and sonde,If he be a mason good and sound,
223For hath hyt sycurly yn hys myndeHe hath it securely in his mind
224To brynge the werke to ful good ende.To bring the work to full good end.
Articulus undecimus. Eleventh article.
225The eleventhe artycul y telle the,The eleventh article I tell thee,
226That he ys bothe fayr and fre; That he is both fair and free;
227For he techyt, by hys my[g]th, For he teacheth, by his might,
228That no mason schulde worche be ny[g]th,That no mason should work by night,
229But [g]ef hyt be yn practesynge of wytte,But if be in practising of wit,
230[G]ef that y cowthe amende hytte.If that I could amend it.
Articulus duodecimus. Twelfth article.
231The twelfthe artycul ys of hye honestéThe twelfth article is of high honesty
232To [g]every mason, whersever he be;To every mason wheresoever he be,
233He schal not hys felows werk deprave,He shall not his fellows' work deprave,
234[G]ef that he wol hys honesté save;If that he will his honesty save;
235With honest wordes he hyt comende,With honest words he it commend,
236By the wytte that God the dede sende;By the wit God did thee send;
237Buy hyt amende by al that thou may,But it amend by all that thou may,
238Bytwynne [g]ow bothe withoute nay.Between you both without doubt.
Articulus xiijus. Thirteenth article.
239The threttene artycul, so God me save,The thirteenth article, so God me save,
240Ys,[g]ef that the mayster a prentes have,Is if that the master a 'prentice have,
241Enterlyche thenne that he hym teche,Entirely then that he him tell,
242And meserable poyntes that he hym reche,And measurable points that he him tell,
243That he the craft abelyche may conne,That he the craft ably may know,
244Whersever he go undur the sonne.Wheresoever he go under the sun.
Articulus xiiijus. Fourteenth article.
245The fowrtene artycul, by good reson,The fourteenth article by good reason,
246Scheweth the mayster how he schal don;Show the master how he shall do;
247He schal no prentes to hym take,He shall no 'prentice to him take,
248Byt dyvers crys he have to make,Unless diver cares he have to make,
249That he may, withynne hys terme,That he may within his term,
250Of hym dyvers poyntes may lurne.Of him divers points may learn.
Articulus quindecimus. Fifteenth article.
251The fyftene artycul maketh an ende,The fifteenth article maketh an end,
252For to the mayster he ys a frende;For to the master he is a friend;
253To lere hym so, that for no mon,To teach him so, that for no man,
254No fals mantenans he take hym apon,No false maintenance he take him upon,
255Ny maynteine hys felows yn here synne,Nor maintain his fellows in their sin,
256For no good that he my[g]th wynne;For no good that he might win;
257Ny no fals sware sofre hem to make,Nor no false oath suffer him to make,
258For drede of here sowles sake; For dread of their souls' sake,
259Lest hyt wolde turne the craft to schame,Lest it would turn the craft to shame,
260And hymself to mechul blame. And himself to very much blame.
Plures Constituciones. Plural constitutions.
261At thys semblé were poyntes y-ordeynt mo,At this assembly were points ordained more,
262Of grete lordys and maystrys also,Of great lords and masters also.
263That whose wol conne thys craft and com to astate,That who will know this craft and come to estate,
264He most love wel God, and holy churche algate,He must love well God and holy church always,
265And hys mayster also, that he ys wythe,And his master also that he is with,
266Whersever he go, yn fylde or frythe;Whersoever he go in field or enclosed wood,
267And thy felows thou love also, And thy fellows thou love also,
268For that they craft wol that thou do.For that thy craft will that thou do.
Secundus punctus. Second Point.
269The secunde poynt, as y [g]ow say,The second point as I you say,
270That the mason worche apon the werk day,That the mason work upon the work day,
271Also trwly, as he con or may, As truly as he can or may,
272To deserve hys huyre for the halyday,To deserve his hire for the holy-day,
273And trwly to labrun on hys dede,And truly to labour on his deed,
274Wel deserve to have hys mede. Well deserve to have his reward.
Tercius punctus. Third point.
275The thrydde poynt most be severele,The third point must be severely,
276With the prentes knowe hyt wele,With the 'prentice know it well,
277Hys mayster conwsel he kepe and close,His master's counsel he keep and close,
278And hys felows by hys goode purpose;And his fellows by his good purpose;
279The prevetyse of the chamber telle he no man,The privities of the chamber tell he no man,
280Ny yn the logge whatsever they done;Nor in the lodge whatsoever they do;
281Whatsever thou heryst, or syste hem do,Whatsoever thou hearest or seest them do,
282Telle hyt no mon, whersever thou go;Tell it no man wheresoever you go;
283The conwsel of halls, and [g]eke of bowre,The counsel of hall, and even of bower,
284Kepe hyt wel to gret honowre, Keep it well to great honour,
285Lest hyt wolde torne thyself to blame,Lest it would turn thyself to blame,
286And brynge the craft ynto gret schame.And bring the craft into great shame.
Quartus punctus. Fourth point.
287The fowrthe poynt techyth us alse,The fourth point teacheth us also,
288That no mon to hys craft be false;That no man to his craft be false;
289Errour he schal maynteine none Error he shall maintain none
290A[g]eynus the craft, but let hyt gone;Against the craft, but let it go;
291Ny no pregedysse he schal not doNor no prejudice he shall no do
292To hys mayster, ny hys felows also;To his master, nor his fellow also;
293And that[g]th the prentes be under awe,And though the 'prentice be under awe,
294[G]et he wolde have the same lawe.Yet he would have the same law.
Quintus punctus. Fifth point.
295The fyfthe poynte ys, withoute nay,The fifth point is without doubt,
296That whenne the mason taketh hys payThat when the mason taketh his pay
297Of the mayster, y-ordent to hym,Of the master, ordained to him,
298Ful mekely y-take so most hyt byn;Full meekly taken so must it be;
299[G]et most the mayster, by good resone,Yet must the master by good reason,
300Warne hem lawfully byfore none,Warn him lawfully before noon,
301[G]ef he nulle okepye hem no more,If he will not occupy him no more,
302As he hath y-done ther byfore; As he hath done there before;
303A[g]eynus thys ordyr he may not stryve,Against this order he may no strive,
304[G]ef he thenke wel for to thryve.If he think well for to thrive.
Sextus punctus. Sixth point.
305The syxte poynt ys ful [g]ef to knowe,The sixth point is full given to know,
306Bothe to hye and eke to lowe, Both to high and even low,
307For suche case hyt my[g]th befalle,For such case it might befall;
308Amonge the masonus, summe or alle,Among the masons some or all,
309Throwghe envye, or dedly hate, Through envy or deadly hate,
310Ofte aryseth ful gret debate. Oft ariseth full great debate.
311Thenne owyth the mason, [g]ef that he may,Then ought the mason if that he may,
312Putte hem bothe under a day; Put them both under a day;
313But loveday [g]et schul they make none;But loveday yet shall they make none,
314Tyl that the werke day be clene a-gone;Till that the work-day you must well take
315Apon the holyday [g]e mowe wel takeUpon the Holy Day the more we'll take.
316Leyser y-now[g]gth loveday to make,Leisure enough loveday to make,
317Lest that hyt wolde the werke dayLess that it would the work-day,
318Latte here werke for suche afray;Hinder their work for such a fray;
319To suche ende thenne that hem drawe,To such end then that you them draw.
320That they stonde wel yn Goddes lawe.That they stand well in God's law.
Septimus punctus. Seventh point.
321The seventhe poynt he may wel mene,The seventh point he may well mean,
322Of wel longe lyf that God us lene,Of well long life that God us lend,
323As hyt dyscryeth wel opunly, As it descrieth well openly,
324Thou schal not by thy maysters wyf ly,Thou shalt not by thy master's wife lie,
325Ny by the felows, yn no maner wyse,Nor by thy fellows', in no manner wise,
326Lest the craft wolde the despyse;Lest the craft would thee despise;
327Ny by the felows concubyne, Nor by thy fellows' concubine,
328No more thou woldest he dede by thyne.No more thou wouldst he did by thine.
329The peyne thereof let hyt be ser,The pain thereof let it be sure,
330That he prentes ful seven [g]er,That he be 'prentice full seven year,
331[G]ef he forfete yn eny of hem,If he forfeit in any of them
332So y-chasted thenne most he ben;So chastised then must he be;
333Ful mekele care my[g]th ther begynne,Full much care might there begin,
334For suche a fowle dedely synne.For such a foul deadly sin.
Octavus punctus. Eighth point.
335The eghte poynt, he may be sure,The eighth point, he may be sure,
336[G]ef thou hast y-taken any cure,If thou hast taken any cure,
337Under thy mayster thou be trwe,Under thy master thou be true,
338For that pynt thou schalt never arewe;For that point thous shalt never rue;
339A trwe medyater thou most nede beA true mediator thou must needs be
340To thy mayster, and thy felows fre;To thy master, and thy fellows free;
341Do trwly al....that thou my[g]th,Do truly all that thou might,
342To both partyes, and that ys good ry[g]th.To both parties, and that is good right.
Nonus punctus. Ninth point.
343The nynthe poynt we schul hym calle,The ninth point we shall him call,
344That he be stwarde of oure halle,That he be steward of our hall,
345Gef that ge ben yn chambur y-fere,If that you be in chamber together,
346Uchon serve other, with mylde chere;Each one serve other with mild cheer;
347Jentul felows, ge moste hyt knowe,Gentle fellows, you must it know,
348For to be stwardus alle o rowe,For to be stewards all in turn,
349Weke after weke withoute dowte,Week after week without doubt,
350Stwardus to ben so alle abowte,Stewards to be so all in turn about,
351Lovelyche to serven uchon othur,Amiably to serve each one other,
352As thawgh they were syster and brother;As though they were sister and brother;
353Ther schal never won on other costageThere shall never one another cost
354Fre hymself to no vantage, Free himself to no advantage,
355But every mon schal be lyche freBut every man shall be equally free
356Yn that costage, so moste hyt be;In that cost, so must it be;
357Loke that thou pay wele every mon algate,Look that thou pay well every man always,
358That thou hsat y-bow[g]ht any vytayles ate,That thou hast bought any victuals eaten,
359That no cravynge be y-mad to the,That no craving be made to thee,
360Ny to thy felows, yn no degré, Nor to thy fellows in no degree,
361To mon or to wommon, whether he be,To man or to woman, whoever he be,
362Pay hem wel and trwly, for that wol we;Pay them well and truly, for that will we;
363Therof on thy felow trwe record thou take,Therof on thy fellow true record thou take,
364For that good pay as thou dost make,For that good pay as thou dost make,
365Lest hyt wolde thy felowe schame,Lest it would thy fellow shame,
366Any brynge thyself ynto gret blame.And bring thyself into great blame.
367[G]et good acowntes he most makeYet good accounts he must make
368Of suche godes as he hath y-take,Of such goods as he hath taken,
369Of thy felows goodes that thou hast spende,Of thy fellows' goods that thou hast spent,
370Wher, and how, and to what ende;Where and how and to what end;
371Suche acowntes thou most come to,Such accounts thou must come to,
372Whenne thy felows wollen that thou do.When thy fellows wish that thou do.
Decimus punctus. Tenth point.
373The tenthe poynt presentyeth wel god lyf,The tenth point presenteth well good life,
374To lyven withoute care and stryf;To live without care and strife;
375For and the mason lyve amysse, For if the mason live amiss,
376And yn hys werk be false, y-wysse,And in his work be false I know,
377And thorw[g] suche a false skewysasyonAnd through such a false excuse
378May sclawndren hys felows oute reson,May slander his fellows without reason,
379Throw[g] false sclawnder of suche fameThrough false slander of such fame
380May make the craft kachone blame.May make the craft acquire blame.
381[G]ef he do the craft suche vylany,If he do the craft such villainy,
382Do hym no favour thenne securly.Do him no favour then securely,
383Ny maynteine not hym yn wyked lyf,Nor maintain not him in wicked life,
384Lest hyt wolde turne to care and stryf;Lest it would turn to care and strife;
385But get hym [g]e schul not delayme,But yet him you shall not delay,
386But that [g]e schullen hym constrayne,Unless that you shall him constrain,
387For to apere whersevor [g]e wylle,For to appear wheresoever you will,
388Whar that [g]e wolen, lowde, or stylle;Where that you will, loud, or still;
389To the nexte semblé [g]e schul hym calle,To the next assembly you him call,
390To apere byfore hys felows alle,To appear before his fellows all,
391And but [g]ef he wyl byfore hem pere,And unless he will before them appear,
392The crafte he moste nede forswere;The craft he must need forswear;
393He schal thenne be chasted after the laweHe shall then be punished after the law
394That was y-fownded by olde dawe.That was founded by old day.
Punctus undecimus. Eleventh point.
395The eleventhe poynt ys of good dyscrecyoun,The eleventh point is of good discretion,
396As [g]e mowe knowe by good resoun;As you must know by good reason;
397A mason, and he thys craft wel con,A mason, if he this craft well know,
398That sy[g]th hys felow hewen on a ston,That seeth his fellow hew on a stone,
399And ys yn poynt to spylle that ston,And is in point to spoil that stone,
400Amende hyt sone, [g]ef that thou con,Amend it soon if that thou can,
401And teche hym thenne hyt to amende,And teach him then it to amend,
402That the l(ordys) werke be not y-schende,That the lords' work be not spoiled,
403And teche hym esely hyt to amende,And teach him easily it to amend,
404With fayre wordes, that God the hath lende;With fair words, that God thee hath lent;
405For hys sake that sytte above, For his sake that sit above,
406With swete wordes noresche hym love.With sweet words nourish his love.
Punctus duodecimus. Twelfth point.
407The twelthe poynt of gret ryolté,The twelfth point is of great royalty,
408Ther as the semblé y-hole schal be,There as the assembly held shall be,
409Ther schul be maystrys and felows also,There shall be masters and fellows also,
410And other grete lordes mony mo;And other great lords many more;
411There schal be the scheref of that contré,There shall be the sheriff of that country,
412And also the meyr of that syté, And also the mayor of that city,
413Kny[g]tes and sqwyers ther schul be,Knights and squires there shall be,
414And other aldermen, as [g]e schul se;And also aldermen, as you shall see;
415Suche ordynance as they maken there,Such ordinance as thy make there,
416They schul maynté hyt hol y-fereThey shall maintain it all together
417A[g]eynus that mon, whatsever he be,Against that man, whatsoever he be,
418That longuth to the craft bothe fayr and fre.That belongeth to the craft both fair and free.
419[G]ef he any stryf a[g]eynus hem make,If he any strife against them make,
420Ynto here warde he schal be take.Into their custody he shall be taken.
xiijus punctus. Thirteenth point.
421The threnteth poynt ys to us ful luf.The thirteenth point is to us full lief,
422He schal swere never to be no thef,He shall swear never to be no thief,
423Ny soker hym yn hys fals craft,Nor succour him in his false craft,
424For no good that he hath byraft,For no good that he hath bereft,
425And thou mowe hyt knowe or syn,And thou must it know or sin,
426Nowther for hys good, ny for hys kyn.Neither for his good, nor for his kin.
xiiijus punctus. Fourteenth point.
427The fowrtethe poynt ys ful good laweThe fourteenth point is full good law
428To hym that wold ben under awe;To him that would be under awe;
429A good trwe othe he most ther swereA good true oath he must there swear
430To hys mayster and hys felows that ben there;To his master and his fellows that be there;
431He most be stedefast and trwe alsoHe must be steadfast be and true also
432To alle thys ordynance, whersever he go,To all this ordinance, wheresoever he go,
433And to hys lyge lord the kynge,And to his liege lord the king,
434To be trwe to hym, over alle thynge.To be true to him over all thing.
435And alle these poyntes hyr beforeAnd all these points here before
436To hem thou most nede by y-swore,To them thou must need be sworn,
437And alle schul swere the same ogthAnd all shall swear the same oath
438Of the masonus, be they luf, ben they loght,Of the masons, be they lief be they loath.
439To alle these poyntes hyr byfore,To all these points here before,
440That hath ben ordeynt by ful good lore.That hath been ordained by full good lore.
441And they schul enquere every monAnd they shall enquire every man
442On his party, as wyl as he con,Of his party, as well as he can,
443[G]ef any mon mowe be y-fownde gultyIf any man may be found guilty
444Yn any of these poyntes spesyaly;In any of these points specially;
445And whad he be, let hym be sow[g]ht,And who he be, let him be sought,
446And to the semblé let hym be brow[g]ht.And to the assembly let him be brought.
Quindecimus punctus. Fifteen point.
447The fiftethe poynt ys of ful good lore,The fifteenth point is full good lore,
448For hem that schul ben ther y-swore,For them that shall be there sworn,
449Suche ordyance at the semblé wes laydSuch ordinance at the assembly was laid
450Of grete lordes and maystres byforesayd;Of great lords and masters before said;
451For thelke that be unbuxom, y-wysse,For the same that be disobedient, I know,
452A[g]eynus the ordynance that ther ysseAgainst the ordinance that there is,
453Of these artyculus, that were y-meved there,Of these articles that were moved there,
454Of grete lordes and masonus al y-fere.Of great lords and masons all together,
455And [g]ef they ben y-preved opunlyAnd if they be proved openly
456Byfore that semblé, by an by, Before that assembly, by and by,
457And for here gultes no mendys wol make,And for their guilt's no amends will make,
458Thenne most they nede the crafy forsake;Then must they need the craft forsake;
459And so masonus craft they schul refuse,And no masons craft they shall refuse,
460And swere hyt never more for to use.And swear it never more to use.
461But [g]ef that they wol mendys make,But if that they will amends make,
462A[g]ayn to the craft they schul never take;Again to the craft they shall never take;
463And [g]ef that they nul not do so,And if that they will no do so,
464The scheref schal come hem sone to,The sheriff shall come them soon to,
465And putte here bodyes yn duppe prison,And put their bodies in deep prison,
466For the trespasse that they hav y-don,For the trespass that they have done,
467And take here goodes and here cattelleAnd take their goods and their cattle
468Ynto the kynges hond, everyt delle,Into the king's hand, every part,
469And lete hem dwelle ther full stylle,And let them dwell there full still,
470Tyl hyt be oure lege kynges wylle.Till it be our liege king's will.
Alia ordinacio artis gematriae. yes Another ordinance of the art of geometry.
471They ordent ther a semblé to be y-holdeThey ordained there an assembly to be hold,
472Every [g]er, whersever they wolde,Every year, wheresoever they would,
473To amende the defautes, [g]ef any where fondeTo amend the defaults, if any were found
474Amonge the craft withynne the londe;Among the craft within the land;
475Uche [g]er or thrydde [g]er hyt schuld be holde,Each year or third year it should be held,
476Yn every place whersever they wolde;In every place weresoever they would;
477Tyme and place most be ordeynt also,Time and place must be ordained also,
478Yn what place they schul semble to.In what place they should assemble to,
479Alle the men of craft tehr they most ben,All the men of craft there they must be,
480And other grete lordes, as [g]e mowe sen,And other great lords, as you must see,
481To mende the fautes that buth ther y-spoke,To mend the faults the he there spoken,
482[G]ef that eny of hem ben thenne y-broke.If that any of them be then broken.
483Ther they schullen ben alle y-swore,There they shall be all sworn,
484That longuth to thys craftes lore,That belongeth to this craft's lore,
485To kepe these statutes everychon,To keep their statutes every one
486That ben y-ordeynt by kynge Aldelston;That were ordained by King Althelstane;
487These statutes that y have hyr y-fondeThese statutes that I have here found
488Y chulle they ben holde thro[g]h my londe,I ordain they be held through my land,
489For the worsche of my ry[g]olté, For the worship of my royalty,
490That y have by my dygnyté. That I have by my dignity.
491Also at every semblé that [g]e holde,Also at every assembly that you hold,
492That ge come to [g]owre lyge kyng bolde,That you come to your liege king bold,
493Bysechynge hym of hys hye grace,Beseeching him of his grace,
494To stonde with [g]ow yn every place,To stand with you in every place,
495To conferme the statutes of kynge Adelston,To confirm the statutes of King Athelstane,
496That he ordeydnt to thys craft by good reson,That he ordained to this craft by good reason.
Ars quatuor coronatorum. The art of the four crowned ones.
497Pray we now to God almy[g]ht, Pray we now to God almighty,
498And to hys moder Mary bry[g]ht,And to his mother Mary bright,
499That we mowe keepe these artyculus here,That we may keep these articles here,
500And these poynts wel al y-fere,And these points well all together,
501As dede these holy martyres fowre,As did these holy martyrs four,
502That yn thys craft were of gret honoure;That in this craft were of great honour;
503They were as gode masonus as on erthe schul go,They were as good masons as on earth shall go,
504Gravers and ymage-makers they were also.Gravers and image-makers they were also.
505For they were werkemen of the beste,For they were workmen of the best,
506The emperour hade to hem gret luste;The emperor had to them great liking;
507He wylned of hem a ymage to make,He willed of them an image to make
508That mow[g]h be worscheped for his sake;That might be worshipped for his sake;
509Suche mawmetys he hade yn hys dawe,Such monuments he had in his day,
510To turne the pepul from Crystus lawe.To turn the people from Christ's law.
511But they were stedefast yn Crystes lay,But they were steadfast in Christ's law,
512And to here craft, withouten nay;And to their craft without doubt;
513They loved wel God and alle hys lore,They loved well God and all his lore,
514And weren yn hys serves ever more.And were in his service ever more.
515Trwe men they were yn that dawe,True men they were in that day,
516And lyved wel y Goddus lawe; And lived well in God's law;
517They tho[g]ght no mawmetys for to make,They thought no monuments for to make,
518For no good that they my[g]th take,For no good that they might take,
519To levyn on that mawmetys for here God,To believe on that monument for their God,
520They nolde do so thaw[g] he were wod;They would not do so, though he was furious;
521For they nolde not forsake here trw fay,For they would not forsake their true faith,
522An beyleve on hys falsse lay. And believe on his false law,
523The emperour let take hem sone anone,The emperor let take them soon anon,
524And putte hem ynto a dep presone;And put them in a deep prison;
525The sarre he penest hem yn that plase,The more sorely he punished them in that place,
526The more yoye wes to hem of Cristus grace.The more joy was to them of Christ's grace,
527Thenne when he sye no nother won,Then when he saw no other one,
528To dethe he lette hem thenne gon;To death he let them then go;
529Whose wol of here lyf [g]et mor knowe,Whose will of there life yet more know
530By the bok he may kyt schowe, By the book he might it show
531In the legent of scanctorum, In legend of holy ones,
532The name of quatour coronatorum.The names of the four-crowned ones.
533Here fest wol be, withoute nay,Their feast will be without doubt,
534After Alle Halwen the eyght day.After Hallow-e'en eighth day.
535[G]e mow here as y do rede, You may hear as I do read,
536That mony [g]eres after, for gret dredeThat many years after, for great dread
537That Noees flod wes alle y-ronne,That Noah's flood was all run,
538The tower of Babyloyne was begonne,The tower of Babylon was begun,
539Also playne werke of lyme and ston,As plain work of lime and stone,
540As any mon schulde loke uppon; As any man should look upon;
541So long and brod hyt was begonne,So long and broad it was begun,
542Seven myle the he[g]ghte schadweth the sonne.Seven miles the height shadoweth the sun.
543King Nabogodonosor let hyt make,King Nebuchadnezzar let it make
544To gret strenthe for monus sake,To great strength for man's sake,
545Tha[g]gh suche a flod a[g]ayne schulde come,Though such a flood again should come,
546Over the werke hyt schulde not nome;Over the work it should not take;
547For they hadde so hy pride, with stronge bost,For they had so high pride, with strong boast
548Alle that werke therfore was y-lost;All that work therefore was lost;
549An angele smot hem so with dyveres speche,An angel smote them so with divers speech,
550That never won wyste what other schuld reche.That never one knew what the other should tell.
551Mony eres after, the goode clerk EuclydeMany years after, the good clerk Euclid
552Ta[g]ghte the craft of gemetré wonder wyde,Taught the craft of geometry full wonder wide,
553So he ded that tyme other also,So he did that other time also,
554Of dyvers craftes mony mo. Of divers crafts many more.
555Thro[g]gh hye grace of Crist yn heven,Through high grace of Christ in heaven,
556He commensed yn the syens seven;He commenced in the sciences seven;
557Gramatica ys the furste syens y-wysse,Grammar is the first science I know,
558Dialetica the secunde, so have y blysse,Dialect the second, so I have I bliss,
559Rethorica the thrydde, withoute nay,Rhetoric the third without doubt,
560Musica ys the fowrth, as y [g]ow say,Music is the fourth, as I you say,
561Astromia ys the v, by my snowte,Astronomy is the fifth, by my snout,
562Arsmetica the vi, withoute dowteArithmetic the sixth, without doubt,
563Gemetria the seventhe maketh an ende,Geometry the seventh maketh an end,
564For he ys bothe make and hende,For he is both meek and courteous,
565Gramer forsothe ys the rote, Grammar forsooth is the root,
566Whose wyl lurne on the boke; Whoever will learn on the book;
567But art passeth yn hys degré, But art passeth in his degree,
568As the fryte doth the rote of the tre;As the fruit doth the root of the tree;
569Rethoryk metryth with orne speche amonge,Rhetoric measureth with ornate speech among,
570And musyke hyt ys a swete song;And music it is a sweet song;
571Astronomy nombreth, my dere brother,Astronomy numbereth, my dear brother,
572Arsmetyk scheweth won thyng that ys another,Arithmetic sheweth one thing that is another,
573Gemetré the seventh syens hyt ysse,Geometry the seventh science it is,
574That con deperte falshed from trewthe y-wys.That can separate falsehood from truth, I know
575These bene the syens seven, These be the sciences seven,
576Whose useth hem wel, he may han heven.Who useth them well he may have heaven.
577Now dere chyldren, by [g]owre wytte,Now dear children by your wit
578Pride and covetyse that [g]e leven, hytte,Pride and covetousness that you leave it,
579And taketh hede to goode dyscrecyon,And taketh heed to good discretion,
580And to good norter, whersever [g]e com.And to good nurture, wheresoever you come.
581Now y pray [g]ow take good hede,Now I pray you take good heed,
582For thys [g]e most kenne nede, For this you must know needs,
583But much more [g]e moste wyten,But much more you must know,
584Thenne [g]e fynden hyr y-wryten. Than you find here written.
585[G]ef the fayle therto wytte, If thee fail therto wit,
586Pray to God to send the hytte; Pray to God to send thee it;
587For Crist hymself, he techet ousFor Christ himself, he teacheth us
588That holy churche ys Goddes hous,That holy church is God's house,
589That ys y-mad for nothynge ellusThat is made for nothing else
590but for to pray yn, as the bok tellus;But for to pray in, as the book tells us;
591Ther the pepul schal gedur ynne,There the people shall gather in,
592To pray and wepe for here synne.To pray and weep for their sin.
593Loke thou come not to churche late,Look thou come not to church late,
594For to speke harlotry by the gate;For to speak harlotry by the gate;
595Thenne to churche when thou dost fare,Then to church when thou dost fare,
596Have yn thy mynde ever mare Have in thy mind ever more
597To worschepe thy lord God bothe day and ny[g]th,To worship thy lord God both day and night,
598With all thy wyttes, and eke thy my[g]th.With all thy wits and even thy might.
599To the churche dore when tou dost come,To the church door when thou dost come
600Of that holy water ther sum thow nome,Of that holy water there some thou take,
601For every drope thou felust therFor every drop thou feelest there
602Qwenchet a venyal synne, be thou ser.Quencheth a venial sin, be thou sure.
603But furst thou most do down thy hode,But first thou must do down thy hood,
604For hyse love that dyed on the rode.For his love that died on the rood.
605Into the churche when thou dost gon,Into the church when thou dost go,
606Pulle uppe thy herte to Crist, anon;Pull up thy heart to Christ, anon;
607Uppon the rode thou loke uppe then,Upon the rood thou look up then,
608And knele down fayre on bothe thy knen;And kneel down fair upon thy knees,
609Then pray to hym so hyr to worche,Then pray to him so here to work,
610After the lawe of holy churche,After the law of holy church,
611For to kepe the comandementes ten,For to keep the commandments ten,
612That God [g]af to alle men; That God gave to all men;
613And pray to hym with mylde stevenAnd pray to him with mild voice
614To kepe the from the synnes seven,To keep thee from the sins seven,
615That thou hyr mowe, yn thy lyve,That thou here may, in this life,
616Kepe the wel from care and stryve,Keep thee well from care and strife;
617Forthermore he grante the grace,Furthermore he grant thee grace,
618In heven blysse to hav a place.In heaven's bliss to have a place.
619In holy churche lef nyse wordesIn holy church leave trifling words
620Of lewed speche, and fowle bordes,Of lewd speech and foul jests,
621And putte away alle vanyté, And put away all vanity,
622And say thy pater noster and thyn ave;And say thy pater noster and thine ave;
623Loke also thou make no bere, Look also that thou make no noise,
624But ay to be yn thy prayere; But always to be in thy prayer;
625[G]ef thou wolt not thyselve pray,If thou wilt not thyself pray,
626Latte non other mon by no way. Hinder no other man by no way.
627In that place nowther sytte ny stonde,In that place neither sit nor stand,
628But knele fayre down on the gronde,But kneel fair down on the ground,
629And, when the Gospel me rede schal,And when the Gospel me read shall,
630Fayre thou stonde up fro the wal,Fairly thou stand up from the wall,
631And blesse the fayre, [g]ef that thou conne,And bless the fare if that thou can,
632When gloria tibi is begonne; When gloria tibi is begun;
633And when the gospel ys y-done, And when the gospel is done,
634A[g]ayn thou my[g]th knele adown;Again thou might kneel down,
635On bothe thy knen down thou falle,On both knees down thou fall,
636For hyse love that bow[g]ht us alle;For his love that bought us all;
637And when thou herest the belle ryngeAnd when thou hearest the bell ring
638To that holy sakerynge, To that holy sacrament,
639Knele [g]e most, bothe [g]yn[g]e and olde,Kneel you must both young and old,
640And bothe [g]or hondes fayr upholde,And both your hands fair uphold,
641And say thenne yn thys manere, And say then in this manner,
642Fayr and softe, withoute bere; Fair and soft without noise;
643Jhesu Lord, welcom thou be,"Jesu Lord welcome thou be,
644Yn forme of bred, as y the se. In form of bread as I thee see,
645Now Jhesu, for thyn holy name, Now Jesu for thine holy name,
646Schulde me from synne and schame,Shield me from sin and shame;
647Schryff and hosel thou grant me bo,Shrift and Eucharist thou grand me both,
648[G]er that y schal hennus go, Ere that I shall hence go,
649And vey contrycyon of my synne,And very contrition for my sin,
650Tath y never, Lord, dye therynne;That I never, Lord, die therein;
651And, as thou were of a mayde y-bore,And as thou were of maid born,
652Sofre me never to be y-lore; Suffer me never to be lost;
653But when y schal hennus wende, But when I shall hence wend,
654Grante me the blysse withoute ende;Grant me the bliss without end;
655Amen! amen! so mot hyt be! Amen! Amen! so mote it be!
656Now, swete lady, pray for me.Now sweet lady pray for me."
657Thus thou my[g]ht say, or sum other thynge,Thus thou might say, or some other thing,
658When thou knelust at the sakerynge.When thou kneelest at the sacrament.
659For covetyse after good, spare thou noughtFor covetousness after good, spare thou not
660To worschepe hym that alle hath wrought;To worship him that all hath wrought;
661For glad may a mon that day ben,For glad may a man that day be,
662That onus yn the day may hym sen;That once in the day may him see;
663Hyt ys so muche worthe, withoute nay,It is so much worth, without doubt,
664The vertu therof no mon telle may;The virtue thereof no man tell may;
665But so meche good doth that syht,But so much good doth that sight,
666As seynt Austyn telluth ful ryht,That Saint Austin telleth full right,
667That day thou syst Goddus body,That day thou seest God's body,
668Thou schalt have these, ful securly:-Thou shalt have these full securely:-
669Mete and drynke at thy nede, Meet and drink at thy need,
670Non that day schal the gnede; None that day shalt thou lack;
671Ydul othes, an wordes bo, Idle oaths and words both,
672God for[g]eveth the also; God forgiveth thee also;
673Soden deth, that ylke day, Sudden death that same day
674The dar not drede by no way; Thee dare not dread by no way;
675Also that day, y the plyht, Also that day, I thee plight,
676Thou schalt not lese thy eye syht;Thou shalt not lose thy eye sight;
677And uche fote that thou gost then,And each foot that thou goest then,
678That holy syht for to sen, That holy sight for to see,
679They schul be told to stonde yn stede,They shall be told to stand instead,
680When thou hast therto gret nede;When thou hast thereto great need;
681That messongere, the angele Gabryelle,That messenger the angel Gabriel,
682Wol kepe hem to the ful welle. Will keep them to thee full well.
683From thys mater now y may passe,From this matter now I may pass,
684To telle mo medys of the masse:To tell more benefits of the mass:
685To churche come [g]et, [g]ef thou may,To church come yet, if thou may,
686And here thy masse uche day; And hear the mass each day;
687[G]ef thou mowe not come to churche,If thou may not come to church,
688Wher that ever thou doste worche,Where that ever thou dost work,
689When thou herest to masse knylle,When thou hearest the mass toll,
690Pray to God with herte stylle, Pray to God with heart still,
691To [g]eve the part of that servyse,To give thy part of that service,
692That yn churche ther don yse. That in church there done is.
693Forthermore [g]et, y wol [g]ow precheFurthermore yet, I will you preach
694To [g]owre felows, hyt for to teche,To your fellows, it for to teach,
695When thou comest byfore a lorde,When thou comest before a lord,
696Yn halle, yn bowre, or at the borde,In hall, in bower, or at the board,
697Hod or cappe that thou of do, Hood or cap that thou off do,
698[G]er thou come hym allynge to;Ere thou come him entirely to;
699Twyes or thryes, without dowte,Twice or thrice, without doubt,
700To that lord thou moste lowte; To that lord thou must bow;
701With thy ry[g]th kne let hyt be do,With thy right knee let it be done,
702Thyn owne worschepe tou save so.Thine own worship thou save so.
703Holde of thy cappe, and hod also,Hold off thy cap and hood also,
704Tyl thou have leve hyt on to do.Till thou have leave it on to put.
705Al the whyle thou spekest with hym,All the time thou speakest with him,
706Fayre and lovelyche bere up thy chyn;Fair and amiably hold up thy chin;
707So, after the norter of the boke,So after the nurture of the book,
708Yn hys face lovely thou loke. In his face kindly thou look.
709Fot and hond, thou kepe ful stylleFoot and hand thou keep full still,
710From clawynge and trypynge, ys sckylle;For clawing and tripping, is skill;
711From spyttynge and snyftynge kepe the also,From spitting and sniffling keep thee also,
712By privy avoydans let hyt go. By private expulsion let it go,
713And [g]ef that thou be wyse and felle,And if that thou be wise and discrete,
714Thou hast gret nede to governe the welle.Thou has great need to govern thee well.
715Ynto the halle when thou dost wende,Into the hall when thou dost wend,
716Amonges the genteles, good and hende,Amongst the gentles, good and courteous,
717Presume not to hye for nothynge,Presume not too high for nothing,
718For thyn hye blod, ny thy connynge,For thine high blood, nor thy cunning,
719Nowther to sytte, ny to lene, Neither to sit nor to lean,
720That ys norther good and clene.That is nurture good and clean.
721Let not thy cowntenans therfore abate,Let not thy countenance therefor abate,
722Forsothe, good norter wol save thy state.Forsooth good nurture will save thy state.
723Fader and moder, whatsever they be,Father and mother, whatsoever they be,
724Wel ys the chyld that wel may the,Well is the child that well may thee,
725Yn halle, yn chamber, wher thou dost gon;In hall, in chamber, where thou dost go;
726Gode maneres maken a mon. Good manners make a man.
727To the nexte degré loke wysly,To the next degree look wisely,
728To do hem reverans by and by; To do them reverence by and by;
729Do hem [g]et no reverans al o-rowe,Do them yet no reverence all in turn,
730But [g]ef that thou do hem know.Unless that thou do them know.
731To the mete when thou art y-sette,To the meat when thou art set,
732Fayre and onestelyche thou ete hytte;Fair and honestly thou eat it;
733Fyrst loke that thyn honden be clene,First look that thine hands be clean,
734And that thy knyf be scharpe and kene;And that thy knife be sharp and keen,
735And kette thy bred al at thy mete,And cut thy bread all at thy meat,
736Ry[g]th as hyt may be ther y-ete.Right as it may be there eaten,
737[G]ef thou sytte by a worththyur mon.If thou sit by a worthier man,
738Then thy selven thou art won, Then thy self thou art one,
739Sofre hym fyrst to toyche the mete,Suffer him first to touch the meat,
740[G]er thyself to hyt reche. Ere thyself to it reach.
741To the fayrest mossel thou my[g]ht not strike,To the fairest morsel thou might not strike,
742Thaght that thou do hyt wel lyke;Though that thou do it well like;
743Kepe thyn hondes, fayr and wel,Keep thine hands fair and well,
744From fowle smogynge of thy towel;From foul smudging of thy towel;
745Theron thou schalt not thy nese snyte,Thereon thou shalt not thy nose blow,
746Ny at the mete thy tothe thou pyke;Nor at the meat thy tooth thou pick;
747To depe yn the coppe thou my[g]ght not synke,Too deep in cup thou might not sink,
748Thagh thou have good wyl to drynke,Though thou have good will to drink,
749Lest thyn enyn wolde wattryn therby_Lest thine eyes would water thereby-
750Then were hyt no curtesy Then were it no courtesy.
751Loke yn thy mowth ther be no mete,Look in thy mouth there be no meat,
752When thou begynnyst to drynke or speke.When thou begins to drink or speak.
753When thou syst any mon drynkynge,When thou seest any man drinking,
754That taketh hed to thy carpynge,That taketh heed to thy speech,
755Sone anonn thou sese thy tale, Soon anaon thou cease thy tale,
756Whether he drynke wyn other ale.Whether he drink wine or ale,
757Loke also thou scorne no mon, Look also thou scorn no man,
758Yn what degré thou syst hym gon;In what degree thou seest him gone;
759Ny thou schalt no mon deprave, Nor thou shalt no man deprave,
760[G]ef thou wolt thy worschepe save;If thou wilt thy worship save;
761For suche worde my[g]ht ther outberste,For such word might there outburst.
762That myg[h]t make the sytte yn evel reste,That might make thee sit in evil rest.
763Close thy honde yn thy fyste, Close thy hand in thy fist,
764And kepe the wel from had-y-wyste.And keep thee well from "had I known."
765Yn chamber amonge the ladyes bryght,In chamber amongst the ladies bright,
766Holde thy tonge and spende thy syght; Hold thy tongue and spend thy sight;
767Law[g]e thou not with no gret cry, Laugh thou not with no great cry,
768Ny make no ragynge with rybody. Nor make no lewd sport and ribaldry.
769Play thou not buyt with thy peres, Play thou not but with thy peers,
770Ny tel thou not al that thou heres; Nor tell thou not all that thou hears;
771Dyskever thou not thyn owne dede, Discover thou not thine own deed,
772For no merthe, ny for no mede; For no mirth, nor for no reward;
773With fayr speche thou myght have thy wylle, With fair speech thou might have thy will,
774With hyt thou myght thy selven spylle. With it thou might thy self spoil.
775When thou metyst a worthy mon, When thou meetest a worthy man,
776Cappe and hod thou holle not on; Cap and hood thou hold not on;
777Yn churche, yn chepyns, or yn the gate, In church, in market, or in the gate,
778Do hym revera(n)s after hys state. Do him reverance after his state.
779[G]ef thou gost with a worthyor mon If thou goest with a worthier man
780Then thyselven thou art won, Then thyself thou art one,
781Let thy forther schulder sewe hys backe, Let thy foremost shoulder follow his back,
782For that ys norter withoute lacke; For that is nurture without lack;
783When he doth speke, holte the stylle, When he doth speak, hold thee still,
784When he hath don, sey for thy wylle; When he hath done, say for thy will,
785Yn thy speche that thou be felle, In thy speech that thou be discreet,
786And what thou sayst avyse the welle; And what thou sayest consider thee well;
787But byref thou not hym hys tale, But deprive thou not him his tale,
788Nowther at the wyn, ny at the ale. Neither at the wine nor at the ale.
789Cryst then of hys hye grace, Christ then of his high grace,
790[G]eve [g]ow bothe wytte and space, Save you both wit and space,
791Wel thys boke to conne and rede, Well this book to know and read,
792Heven to have for [g]owre mede. Heaven to have for your reward.
793Amen! amen! so mot hyt be! Amen! Amen! so mote it be!
794Say we so all per charyté. So say we all for charity.
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